Membres | Doctorants statutaires

Mansoor Ahmed

Ahmed Mansoor
Doctorant(e)
Discipline : Histoire
Institution(s) de rattachement : EHESS

Coordonnées professionnelles

ahmed.gcuf[at]gmail.com

Directeur de thèse : Michel Boivin

École doctorale : EHESS - Histoire et civilisation

Année d’inscription : 2015

 

webpage in English

Interplay of Religion and Politics in Pakistan from 1988 to 2008

 

This research study explores the interplay of religion and politics in Pakistan from 1988 to 2008. Throughout these years, Pakistan vacillated between secular democracy and Islamization, between Islamic democracy and enlightened moderation. Despite the controversy over establishing an Islamic state in Pakistan, religion has served as a constant potential variable in politics. This research study succinctly explores the nexus between religion and politics and attempts to answer the basic question of what was the approach of the political elites of the country towards Islamization and what is a workable model of model of Islamization for both masses and ruling elite. Pakistan came into being in 1947. It was a country for the large number of Muslims of South Asia who were convinced that their economic and cultural development would not be possible under Hindu domination and a religious philosophy which had united them under the banner of the All India Muslim League. All three constitutions of the country—i.e. 1956, 1962 and 1973—included some Islamic clauses, however it was the present 1973 constitution of the country that went the farthest by establishing a permanent constitutional body—i.e. the Council of Islamic Ideology (CII)—with the task of Islamizing the country within 10 years. During this decade, the country went through martial law under General Zia ul Haq (Zia) after a coup on July 5th, 1977. He took over the Government and declared a full-fledged Islamization program to legitimize his rule. Successor politicians elected to the office after Zia’s death were unable to roll back this process because, by then, the country had already become home to thousands of armed and trained men who had been trained earlier in the name of Islam to face the Soviets. After the 9/11 attacks on the United States of America, these armed trained men known as the Taliban became a global threat. The study concludes that Islamization resulted in hatred and sectarianism in Pakistani society mainly because it was used merely for legitimization by the ruling elites. Furthermore there is no definite model of Islamization in the present Muslim world; it needs to be developed according to the respective economic, political and social conditions.

 

Dernière mise à jour: 27/11/2015

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