Membres | Doctorant(e)s statutaires

Mansoor Ahmed

Ahmed Mansoor
Doctorant(e)
Discipline : Histoire
Institution(s) de rattachement : EHESS

Coordonnées professionnelles

ahmed.gcuf[at]gmail.com

Directeur de thèse : Michel Boivin

École doctorale : EHESS - Histoire et civilisation

Année d’inscription : 2015

 

webpage in English

Governmentality in Pakistan: A Study of Council of Islamic Ideology (1957-1988)

 

The Council of Islamic Ideology is a permanent institution established by the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. It is composed of ‘ulema’, ‘technocrats’ and ‘legal experts’, numbering from eight to twenty appointed for three years stint to recommend to legislature about the repugnancy of laws referred to it, second to recommend those Islamic measures which can be given legislative effects and lastly to cross-examine repugnancy of all the laws prevalent in the country. The Council had its predecessor institution as well namely, Advisory Council of Islamic Ideology and Islamic Law Commission provide by the previous constitution of 1956 and 1962 respectively.Based on the examination of the Council of Islamic Ideology (Council) and its predecessors, this study will explore the inner thinking of the governments of Pakistan and its subsequent role in the Islamisation of the country during the period from 1957 to 1988. Establishment of an institution to provide advice to make country Islamic was  due to the fact that country was created under the heavy debt of the ulema, who assertively insisted that Islam should be the law of land and ulema will have authority to determine the repugnancy of laws leading to the odyssey of Islam and politics in the country. Michel Foucault a French philosopher provided certain think through ways to explore that how states exercise power. One among them is Governmentality (Gouvernemental). It is concerned with the exercise of those techniques which conduct the behaviour of the population as the government deem appropriate to better govern (Conduct of Conduct). However, this study would not be a condensed Foucauldian analysis, instead, the study of Council through the lens of governmentality would offer an access point for the new understanding of the inner thinking of the governments in Pakistan and the role of the Council in the Islamisation drives during the period 1957 to 1988. This study will attempt to answer the key questions about the intention of the governments behind its creation, sustainability and mutation during respective governments and furthermore to explore the role which Council of Islamic Ideology and its predecessors manifested in introducing Islamic measures in the polity of the country during the said period. The working hypothesis of the study is that purpose of its creation was to integrate ulema in the government as source of knowledge to evolve techniques which suited government’s political strategy to better govern population and it played a significant role in the Islamisation of the country during the said period but was largely invisible due to more visible manifestations and nature of its ‘confidential’ reports.

 

Keywords: Governmentality ; Islamisation ; Council of Islamic Ideology

 

 

Dernière mise à jour le 11 septembre 2017

 

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